Agenda: Week of Monday, Oct. 1 to Friday, Oct. 5, 2012

UNIT 3 - Consciousness & Learning
Chapter 6 - Learning - Classical & Operant Conditioning
Week at a Glance:
Mon - Pick up Consciousness & Drugs Handout; Introduction to Learning - Classical Conditioning
Tue - Quiz on Consciousness (Awareness, Dreams, Sleep Cycles, Sleep Disorders, Drugs) Learning (Conditioning: Classical & Operant); Finish Classical Conditioning
Wed/Thu - Operant Conditioning
Fri - Test Consciousness & Learning

Learning Targets Chapter 6 "Learning"

1. Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.
2. Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
3. Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson; Operant Conditioning is associated with Skinner.
4. According to Operant Conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.
5. Reinforcements are used to increase the likelihood a behavior will be repeated and punishments are used to decrease the likelihood a behavior will be repeated.

Key People to know:
Bandura - Garcia - Pavlov - Rescoria - Seligman - Skinner - Thorndike - Watson


If you learn only 6 things from this chapter for the AP Test...


  • 1. Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.
  • 2. Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
  • 3. Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson; Operant conditioning is associated with Skinner.
  • 4. According to Operant conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.
  • 5. Reinforcements are used to increase the likelihood a behavior will be repeated
  • 6. Punishments are used to decrease the likelihood a behavior will be repeated.
What will your t-shirt for Psych have on it?
Monday, Oct. 1, 2012
QUOTE: "Don't Forget To Be Awesome."

LEARNING TARGETS:

1. Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.

2. Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
3. Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson.

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS:

1. Define learning & classical conditioning.

2. How did Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, and Robert Rescorla demonstrate learning & classical conditioning?
3. What is a neutral stimulus (NS), unconditioned stimulus (UCS or US), unconditioned response (UCR or UR), conditioned stimulus (CS), conditioned response (CR), acquisition? 
4. Use the terms of classical conditioning to create a classical conditioning experiment scenario.

AGENDA:

1. DO NOW: Pick up a copy of the Effects of Drugs Chart. Review the chart, this will be useful for your test. You can write out the info for the quiz tomorrow. (Hint for the quiz - know your definitions)
2. Introduce Learning: Classical Conditioning. Notes, Video, Discussion. We will use the PsychTrek CD to show how CC works.
3. Students will work in groups of 4 to design a classical conditioning experiment scenario. Example:
Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012
QUOTE"Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win." - Sun Tzu, The Art of War

LEARNING TARGETS:

1. Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.
2. Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
3. Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson; Operant Conditioning is associated with Skinner.
4. According to Operant Conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS:

1. How does Operant Conditioning compare to Classical Conditioning?

2. How does the Baby Albert experiment done by Watson/Rayner compare to Pavlov's Dog experiment?
3. Define the terms: delayed conditioning, trace conditioning, simultaneous conditioning, backward conditioning, aversive conditioning, spontaneous recovery, generalization and discrimination. Use the terms in the student's example scenario they created in class. 

AGENDA:

1. Reading Check Quiz Unit 3 - Consciousness & Learning. Students may use their hand written notes.
2. Students will finish describing their classical conditioning scenarios (if needed from Monday).
3. Introduce Learning: Operant Conditioning. Notes, Video, Discussion. We will use the PsychTrek CD to show how OC works.

Wed/Thu Block Day Oct. 3 & 4, 2012
QUOTE: "A day spent without the sight or sound of beauty, the contemplation of mystery, or the search of truth or perfection is a poverty-stricken day; and a succession of such days is fatal to human life." - Lewis Mumford


LEARNING TARGETS:

1. According to Operant Conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.
2. Reinforcements are used to increase the likelihood a behavior will be repeated  & Punishments are used to decrease the likelihood a behavior will be repeated.
3. Define these terms: Positive reinforcement, Negative reinforcement, Positive punishment, Negative punishment, learned helplessness, shaping, continuous reinforcement, Fixed Ratio, Fixed Interval, Variable Ratio, Variable Interval.
4. Choose the correct term to match the scenario of Operant Conditioning & Reinforcement and justify the choice


ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS:
1. How does B.F. Skinner and E.L. Thorndike's work advance theories in how learning occurs and behavior can be shaped?

2. Compare Positive and Negative Reinforcement and give an example of each.
3. Compare Positive and Negative Punishment and give an example of each.
4. Explain Schedules of Reinforcement, how they work, and identify examples of each.Tip: 
fixed ratio schedule -- know how much behavior for reinforcement
fixed interval schedule -- know when behavior is reinforced
variable ratio schedule -- how much behavior for reinforcement changes
variable interval schedule -- when behavior is reinforced changes
AGENDA:

1. Do Now Question: 
After having been struck by a car, a dog now exhibits fear responses every time a car approaches. The dog also exhibits a fear response to the approach of a bus, a truck, a bicycle, and even a child's wagon. The dog has undergone a process of:

  • A. Stimulus Discrimination
  • B. Stimulus Generalization
  • C. Backward Conditioning
  • D. Differential Reinforcement

2. Notes, Video, Discussion: How Operant Conditioning Functions - Instrumental Conditioning, Training Procedures, Operant Aversive Conditioning, Schedules of Reinforcement. We will also use the PsychTrek CD to experience these principles.
We will work off this sheet in class this week to reinforce... Reinforcement Schedules. :)
Direct link to download: Chapter 6 - Learning - Operant Conditioning - Schedules of Reinforcement

There is always more than 1 way to look at Thanksgiving.
Friday, Oct. 5, 2012
QUOTE: "There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so." - Shakespeare (Hamlet)

AGENDA:

1. TEST Unit 3: Consciousness & Learning. 
2. Begin reading Cognition for next week. Unit 4: Cognition (Language, Memory, & Thought)


Enjoy Monday ~ freedom from the incessant bells of AHS 'conditioning & learning'!