Notes: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part III

YouTube: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part III

Notes: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part II

YouTube: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part II
Notes: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part II


Notes: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part I

YouTube: Unit 4 - Cognition, Intelligence, Part I
Notes: Unit 4 - Cognition - Intelligence, Part I

Agenda: Week of Oct. 28 - Nov. 1, 2013

Advanced Placement Psychology with Mr. Duez
Unit 4 - Cognition: Memory, Language & Thought, and Intelligence 
WEEK AT A GLANCE:
MON: Reading Check Quiz - Unit 4 (Memory Mostly); Introduction to Intelligence
TUE: Video Study - Video Beautiful Minds: Einstein Effect (Savants); Forms/Theories of Intelligence
WED/THU: Test Unit 4; Article on Motivation
FRI: Unit 5 - Motivation & Emotion; Discuss article & Motivation through Eating
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Monday, Oct. 28, 2013
Quote: "He Who Knows Others Is Wise. He Who Knows Himself Is Enlightened." - Tao Te Ching

Learning Targets:
1. Binet created the first intelligence test and developed the concept of mental age, but Terman's revision, the Stanford-Binet, created a way to compute an IQ score.
2. Aptitude tests predict future success and achievement tests assess what individuals already know.
3. When designing tests, psychometricians focus on standardization, reliability, validity, and culture fairness.
4. Normal distributions are bell-shaped curves in which most scores fall near the average and the percentage of scores between standard deviations is fixed by a formula.
5. Reliability refers to a test being repeatable and validity refers to a test being accurate.
- Explain the theories that have been created for understanding intelligence
- Compare the different modes of intelligence testing
- Explain how the range of mental abilities, from creativity and giftedness to mental retardation, can be identified, explained, & understood.

Essential Questions:
- How much of intelligence is inherited, and how much is due to upbringing?
- What exactly is intelligence, and what do test scores mean?
- Why do some people with high IQ scores become underachievers, while others with average IQ scores become leaders? - How does intelligence related to creativity and artistic or athletic abilities?


Agenda:
1. Reading Check Quiz Unit 4. (Students may use their notes from Unit 4)
2. DO NOW after quiz - Write down the names of the 3 smartest people you know. What makes them 'smart'?
3. Notes, Video, & Discussion: Introduction to Intelligence;  "What is Smart?" Nature vs. Nurture. Intelligence Testing.
4. Video over Savants. We will begin the video during class today and see some of it tomorrow. Video Beautiful Minds: Einstein Effect (Savants); Forms/Theories of Intelligence
Assignments:
Test is Wed/Thu. Prepare by using the "Notes" link above. Also read your text book & focus on the Target Sheets. Study with a trusted friend or two. Come to tutoring. Good luck!
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Tuesday, Oct. 29, 2013
Quote: "I haven’t failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won’t work.” - Thomas Edison

Learning Targets:
1. Binet created the first intelligence test and developed the concept of mental age, but Terman's revision, the Stanford-Binet, created a way to compute an IQ score.
2. Aptitude tests predict future success and achievement tests assess what individuals already know.
3. When designing tests, psychometricians focus on standardization, reliability, validity, and culture fairness.
4. Normal distributions are bell-shaped curves in which most scores fall near the average and the percentage of scores between standard deviations is fixed by a formula.
5. Reliability refers to a test being repeatable and validity refers to a test being accurate.
- Explain the theories that have been created for understanding intelligence
- Compare the different modes of intelligence testing
- Explain how the range of mental abilities, from creativity and giftedness to mental retardation, can be identified, explained, & understood.

Essential Questions:
- How much of intelligence is inherited, and how much is due to upbringing?
- What exactly is intelligence, and what do test scores mean?
- Why do some people with high IQ scores become underachievers, while others with average IQ scores become leaders? - How does intelligence related to creativity and artistic or athletic abilities?

Agenda:
1. DO NOW
2. Video Study with Notes & Discussion: 
Video Beautiful Minds: Einstein Effect (Savants); Forms/Theories of Intelligence
Beautiful Minds: The Einstein Effect. Link to video & Questions here.
3. Notes, Discussion: Does Intelligence Change Over Time?

Assignments:
Test is Wed/Thu. Prepare by using the "Notes" link above. Also read your text book & focus on the Target Sheets. Study with a trusted friend or two. Come to tutoring. Good luck!
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Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2013 - and - Thursday, Oct. 31, 2013
Quote: ”It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.” - Aristotle

Learning Targets:
1. Binet created the first intelligence test and developed the concept of mental age, but Terman's revision, the Stanford-Binet, created a way to compute an IQ score.
2. Aptitude tests predict future success and achievement tests assess what individuals already know.
3. When designing tests, psychometricians focus on standardization, reliability, validity, and culture fairness.
4. Normal distributions are bell-shaped curves in which most scores fall near the average and the percentage of scores between standard deviations is fixed by a formula.
5. Reliability refers to a test being repeatable and validity refers to a test being accurate.
- Explain the theories that have been created for understanding intelligence
- Compare the different modes of intelligence testing
- Explain how the range of mental abilities, from creativity and giftedness to mental retardation, can be identified, explained, & understood.

Essential Questions:
- How much of intelligence is inherited, and how much is due to upbringing?
- What exactly is intelligence, and what do test scores mean?
- Why do some people with high IQ scores become underachievers, while others with average IQ scores become leaders? - How does intelligence related to creativity and artistic or athletic abilities?

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: Prep for Test - Unit 4
2. Test - Unit 4
3. Article Study - Motivation & Eating (due on Friday in class)

Assignments:
Begin reading Motivation & Emotion. Quiz is on Monday. Check the Notes tab at the top of the screen for more information that can help, including the Target Sheet.
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Friday, Nov. 1, 2013
Quote: “If opportunity doesn't knock, build a door.” - Milton Berle

Learning Targets:
We do not know how emotions are generalized.
Which theory is clearest example in your mind?
--James-Lange Theory: We have a psychological response and we label it as an emotion:
"I see a bear, my muscles tense, I feel afraid."
--Cannon-Bard Theory: We have an emotional response and we feel the physiological response:
"I see a bear, I feel afraid, my muscles tense."
--Schacter-Singer Theory: We experience feelings and then label them:
"I feel bad. I must be scared."
--Cognitive Appraisal: When there is no physiological arousal, we experience something; we think about it, we label it as an emotion.

Essential Questions:
- How and why people are motivated?
- Analyze the different types of motivation.
- Define the importance characteristics of emotion in human behavior and decision making.


 Agenda:
1. DO NOW: Prep article for discussion - Motivation & Eating
3. Notes, Video, Discussion: What is motivation? How do psychologists study it?

Assignments:
Begin reading Motivation & Emotion. Quiz is on Monday. Check the Notes tab at the top of the screen for more information that can help, including the Target Sheet.

Notes: Unit 4 - Memory

YouTube: Unit 4 - Introduction to Cognition, Part I
YouTube: Unit 4 - Introduction to Cognition, Part II
Notes: Unit 4 - Memory

Agenda: Week of Oct 21 - 25, 2013

Advanced Placement Psychology with Mr. Duez
Unit 4 - Memory, Language & Thought, and Intelligence
WEEK AT A GLANCE:
MON - Article Discussion - How Friends Ruin Memory
TUE - Superior Autobiographical Memory
WED/THU - How memory works; Language & Thought Introduction
FRI - Language & Thought; Introduction to Intelligence - Savants
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Monday, Oct. 21, 2013
Quote: "If you can't explain it simply, you don't understand it well enough." - Albert Einstein

Learning Targets:
1. Cognition is the study of mental processes.
2. STM seems to be limited to 7+ - 2 items at any given time.
3. The differences between encoding, storage, and retrieval are important.
4. Models of LTM deal with how we organize information that we need to know.
5. Problem solving involves applying what we know in an organized way to issues that we face.
6. Language is a complex system of communication that allows us to use complex symbols to talk about things in the past or future, not just the present.

Essential Questions:
1. Explain the Theory - Model of Information Processing (Atkinson-Shiffrin).  
2. How does encoding, storage, and retrieval work in the memory process?
3. Explain the functions and processing of the brain when remembering.
4. What 4 key methods of problem solving does psychology focus on and compare each process.
5. How do humans learn language acquisition?

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: Prep article Friends Ruin Memory for discussion in socratic groups. (15 min)
2. Notes & Discussion: Introduction to Memory: How does it function? (15 min)
3. Video & Discussion: Jill Price: The Woman Who Could Never Forget (15 min)
    Article about Jill Price from ABC News
4. Video & Discussion: Clive Wearing - The Man With No Short Term Memory (15 min)

Assignments:
Read the chapter, review the Target Sheet, check out PsychTrek, and take notes to study for test and use on the quiz. Quiz is next Monday, Oct. 28 and Test over Unit 4 is on Wed/Thu Oct. 30 & 31. Unit 4 is Memory, Language & Thought, and Intelligence.
Could technology like Google Glass improve someone's Cognition: Memory, Language, & Thought?
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Tuesday, Oct. 22, 2013
Quote: "Art works because it appeals to certain faculties of the mind. Music depends on details of the auditory system, painting and sculpture on the visual system. Poetry and literature depend on language." - Steven Pinker

Learning Targets:
1. Cognition is the study of mental processes.
2. STM seems to be limited to 7+ - 2 items at any given time.
3. The differences between encoding, storage, and retrieval are important.
4. Models of LTM deal with how we organize information that we need to know.
5. Problem solving involves applying what we know in an organized way to issues that we face.
6. Language is a complex system of communication that allows us to use complex symbols to talk about things in the past or future, not just the present.

Essential Questions:
1. Explain the Theory - Model of Information Processing (Atkinson-Shiffrin).  
2. How does encoding, storage, and retrieval work in the memory process?
3. Explain the functions and processing of the brain when remembering.
4. What 4 key methods of problem solving does psychology focus on and compare each process.
5. How do humans learn language acquisition?

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: What is the best thing you ever ate?
3. Video & Discussion: 60 Minutes - Endless Memory, Part I -and- 60 Minutes - Endless Memory, Part II

Assignments:
Read the chapter, review the Target Sheet, check out PsychTrek, and take notes to study for test and use on the quiz. Quiz is next Monday, Oct. 28 and Test over Unit 4 is on Wed/Thu Oct. 30 & 31. Unit 4 is Memory, Language & Thought, and Intelligence.
Wouldn't it be cool?
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Wednesday, Oct. 17 & Thursday, Oct. 18, 2012
Quote: “Our comforting conviction that the world makes sense rests on a secure foundation: our almost unlimited ability to ignore our ignorance.” - Daniel Kahneman

Learning Targets:
1. Cognition is the study of mental processes.
2. STM seems to be limited to 7+ - 2 items at any given time.
3. The differences between encoding, storage, and retrieval are important.
4. Models of LTM deal with how we organize information that we need to know.
5. Problem solving involves applying what we know in an organized way to issues that we face.
6. Language is a complex system of communication that allows us to use complex symbols to talk about things in the past or future, not just the present.

Essential Questions:
1. Explain the Theory - Model of Information Processing (Atkinson-Shiffrin).  
2. How does encoding, storage, and retrieval work in the memory process?
3. Explain the functions and processing of the brain when remembering.
4. What 4 key methods of problem solving does psychology focus on and compare each process.
5. How do humans learn language acquisition?

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: How does memory work to create Cognition? Use an example to explain.
2. Notes & Discussion: Cognition
3. PsychTrek Quiz over Memory & Cognition.
4. Video & Discussion: Feats of Memory that Anyone Can Do
5. Notes & Discussion: Introduction to Language & Thought.

Assignments:
Read the chapter, review the Target Sheet, check out PsychTrek, and take notes to study for test and use on the quiz. Quiz is next Monday, Oct. 28 and Test over Unit 4 is on Wed/Thu Oct. 30 & 31. Unit 4 is Memory, Language & Thought, and Intelligence.
How can humans better understand language & thought by studying animals? 
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Friday, Oct. 19, 2012
Quote: "I am learning all the time.  The tombstone will be my diploma."  - Eartha Kitt

Learning Targets:
1. Cognition is the study of mental processes.
2. STM seems to be limited to 7+ - 2 items at any given time.
3. The differences between encoding, storage, and retrieval are important.
4. Models of LTM deal with how we organize information that we need to know.
5. Problem solving involves applying what we know in an organized way to issues that we face.
6. Language is a complex system of communication that allows us to use complex symbols to talk about things in the past or future, not just the present.

Essential Questions:
1. Explain the Theory - Model of Information Processing (Atkinson-Shiffrin).  
2. How does encoding, storage, and retrieval work in the memory process?
3. Explain the functions and processing of the brain when remembering.
4. What 4 key methods of problem solving does psychology focus on and compare each process.
5. How do humans learn language acquisition?

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: at what level are these statements ambiguous?
"Curious blue ideas sleep furiously." 
"What is the opposite of a duck?"
"How much does Thursday weigh?"
"Have you stopped beating your pet?"
2. Notes & Discussion: Language & Communication
3. Video & Discussion: The Secret Language of Elephants

Assignments:
Read the chapter, review the Target Sheet, check out PsychTrek, and take notes to study for test and use on the quiz. Quiz is next Monday, Oct. 28 and Test over Unit 4 is on Wed/Thu Oct. 30 & 31. Unit 4 is Memory, Language & Thought, and Intelligence.

Agenda: Week of Oct 14 - Oct 18, 2013

Advanced Placement Psychology with Mr. Duez
Unit 3 - Consciousness & Learning
WEEK AT A GLANCE:
MON - No School
TUE - Quiz; Review Drugs impact on Consciousness
WED/THU - Consciousness & Learning Test Prep; Operant Conditioning - Schedules of Reinforcement; Drugs - Impact on Consciousness
FRI - Test - Unit 3 "Consciousness & Learning

Monday, Oct 14, 2013 - NO SCHOOL
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Tuesday, Oct 15, 2013
Quote: "The purpose of life is a life of purpose." - Attributed to both Ludwig Wittgenstein and Robert Byrne

Learning Targets:
Psychoactive drugs - Depressants, Narcotics, Stimulants, Hallucinogens
★ Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience. 
★ Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
★ Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson;
Operant conditioning is associated with Skinner.
★ According to operant conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.
★ Reinforcements are used to increase the likelihood a behavior will be repeated
★ Punishments are used to decrease the likelihood a behavior will be repeated.

Essential Questions:
★ How do psychoactive drugs impact consciousness?
★ How is operant conditioning impacted by reinforcement schedules?
★ Explain positive/negative - punishment/reinforcement.

Agenda:
1. Reading Check Quiz - Consciousness & Learning.
2. Discuss - Handout: Drugs & Impact on Consciousness, Handout: Operant Learning - Schedules of Reinforcement

Assignments:
Test is Friday. Review the notes & YouTube Lectures to prepare.
The Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test is a standardized test administered by the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC). Students who score high enough on the PSAT are entered in a competition for a scholarship. This program awards 1-time scholarships ranging from $500 to $10,000.
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Wednesday, Oct 16, 2013 and Thursday, Oct 17, 2013
Quote"To live is so startling it leaves little time for anything else." - Emily Dickinson

Learning Targets:
★ Psychoactive drugs - Depressants, Narcotics, Stimulants, Hallucinogens
★ Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience. 
★ Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
★ Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson;
Operant conditioning is associated with Skinner.
★ According to operant conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.
★ Reinforcements are used to increase the likelihood a behavior will be repeated
★ Punishments are used to decrease the likelihood a behavior will be repeated.

Essential Questions:
★ How do psychoactive drugs impact consciousness?
★ How is operant conditioning impacted by reinforcement schedules?
★ Explain positive/negative - punishment/reinforcement.

Agenda:
1. DO NOW - Classify each drug type written on the board. Which is a depressant, narcotic, stimulant, or hallucinogen?
2. Notes & Discussion: Review the difference between Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
3. Schedules of Reinforcement - practice scenarios in class.
4. PsychTrek if time. Only have 1 hour due to PSAT.

Assignments:
Test is Friday. Review the notes & YouTube Lectures to prepare.
Heads or Tails? 
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Friday, Oct 18, 2013
Quote: "If you are struck between two options, just flip a coin in the air! It works. Not because it solves the problem . . . but because while the coin is in the air, You will get to know what your heart is really hoping for." - Annonymous

Agenda:
1. TEST: Consciousness & Learning.
2. Pick up article - Memory: "How Friends Ruin Memory" - have it read and annotated by Monday (only 1 page front/back)

Assignments:
Begin reading Memory for Monday. Bring article read & annotated.

Unit 3 - Notes - Operant Conditioning

YouTube - Unit 3 - Operant Conditioning
Notes - Unit 3 - Operant Conditioning
Sheldon uses operant conditioning on Penny. :)

Notes - Unit 3 - Consciousness - Sleep

YouTube - Unit 3 - Consciousness - Sleep
Notes - Unit 3 - Consciousness - Sleep
Milo (black) & Suki (white) - Duez Yin and Yang

Agenda: Week of Oct 7 - Oct 11, 2013

Advanced Placement Psychology with Mr. Duez
Unit 3 - Consciousness, Learning, & Memory
WEEK AT A GLANCE:
MON - What is consciousness? Sleep cycles, disorders, and impact of drugs on consciousness.
TUE - Learning: Classical Condition compared to Operant Conditioning
WED/THU - Learning: Classical Condition compared to Operant Conditioning
FRI - Memory: Theories, organization, Superior Autobiographic Memory
Quiz is on Tuesday, Oct. 15th
Test for Unit 3 is on Friday, Oct. 18th
Eagle Strong.
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Monday, Oct 7, 2013
Quote“Sometimes you don’t realize your own strength until you come face to face with your greatest weakness.” – Susan Gale

Learning Targets:
★ People dream during REM sleep.
★ Sleep isn't easy for everyone. There are a variety of sleep disorders that are important to understand.
★ The stages of sleep.
★ Impact of drugs on consciousness.

Essential Questions:
● Explain Levels of consciousness. Compare the different levels of consciousness.
● Why do we Sleep and dream?
● Be able to examine and differentiate between different types of sleep disorders
● Define, differentiate and compare the different types of Psychoactive drugs - Depressants, Narcotics, Stimulants, Hallucinogens

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: Which theory of dreaming do you subscribe to?
Freud: Dreams as wish fulfillment - The day residue shapes dreams that satisfy unconscious needs in a disguised fashion.
Cartwright: The problem-solving view - We mull over major problems in our lives with reduced logical constraints.
Hobson: Activation-synthesis model - The cortex constructs a story to make sense of internal signals from lower brain centers.
2. Hypnosis: The myths and reality. What can hypnosis tell us about consciousness?
3. Drugs: How do drugs impact consciousness?

Assignments:
Quiz is on Tuesday, Oct. 15th
Test for Unit 3 is on Friday, Oct. 18th
Check the notes, YouTube lectures, and work on the Target Sheets to prepare.
Inspiration Point.
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Tuesday, Oct 8, 2013
Quote: “Courage doesn't always roar. Sometimes courage is the quiet voice at the end of the day saying, “I will try again tomorrow.” - Mary Anne Radmacher

Learning Targets
:
★ People dream during REM sleep.
★ Sleep isn't easy for everyone. There are a variety of sleep disorders that are important to understand.
★ The stages of sleep.
★ Impact of drugs on consciousness.

Essential Questions:
● Explain Levels of consciousness. Compare the different levels of consciousness.
● Why do we Sleep and dream?
● Be able to examine and differentiate between different types of sleep disorders
● Define, differentiate and compare the different types of Psychoactive drugs - Depressants, Narcotics, Stimulants, Hallucinogens

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: How many hours can a person go without sleep? What happens if you are sleep deprived? Can you catch up on sleep if you just sleep more the next night after insomnia?
2. He be Tripp'in: The story of Peter Tripp. The Secrets of Sleep Deprivation.
3. Introduction to "Learning." What is Classical Conditioning?

Assignments:
Quiz is on Tuesday, Oct. 15th
Test for Unit 3 is on Friday, Oct. 18th
Check the notes, YouTube lectures, and work on the Target Sheets to prepare.
In-VENN-cible
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Wednesday, Oct 9, 2013 and Thursday, Oct 10, 2013
Quote“You have power over your mind – not outside events. Realize this, and you will find strength.”- Marcus Aurelius, Meditations

Learning Targets
:
★  Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.
★ Classical conditioning involves the pairing of one stimulus with another, so that eventually the first neutral stimulus will evoke a reflex.
★ Classical conditioning is associated with Pavlov and Watson; Operant conditioning is associated with Skinner.
Explain each of the variables: UCS, UCR, NS, UR, CS, CR
Essential Questions:
1. What did the organism LEARN to respond to? This is the CS.
2. What did the organism respond to REFLEXIVELY? This is US.
3. The UCR and the CR are usually the same response.

Agenda:
1. DO NOW: Design a simple classical conditioning experiment.
2. Cooperative Experimental Design: In groups of 5 to 7 - design a classical conditioning experiment. Be sure to list hypothesis & all variables.
3. PsychTrek - Classical conditioning.
4. Notes, Video & Discussion: Classical conditioning compared to Operant conditioning.

Assignments:
Quiz is on Tuesday, Oct. 15th
Test for Unit 3 is on Friday, Oct. 18th
Check the notes, YouTube lectures, and work on the Target Sheets to prepare.
Explore.
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Friday, Oct 11, 2013
Quote: "Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant." - Robert Louis Stevenson

Learning Targets
:
★ According to operant conditioning, the consequences of a behavior influence whether or not the behavior will be performed again.
★ Reinforcements are used to increase the likelihood a behavior will be repeated 
★ Punishments are used to decrease the likelihood a behavior will be repeated.

Essential Questions:
1. Define the variables used in Operant Conditioning: Reinforcement, Punishment, Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Punishment, Negative Punishment.
2. Why did B.F. Skinner believe that classical conditioning does not go far enough to explain behavior?
3.  Explain the various systems of reinforcement schedules, give an example for each.
Schedules of Reinforcement
 Agenda:
1. DO NOW: Pick up reinforcements worksheet at the front. Work on this for the first 5 minutes of class.
2. Cooperative learning - Team with a partner to finish the reinforcement worksheet.
3. Introduction to Memory - What is Superior Autobiographical Memory?
Can you improve your memory? Would you want to have a perfect memory?
Notes, Video, Discussion: Unit 4 - Cognition & Memory
Video - Jill Price - The Woman Who Can't Forget

Assignments:
Quiz is on Tuesday, Oct. 15th
Test for Unit 3 is on Friday, Oct. 18th
Check the notes, YouTube lectures, and work on the Target Sheets to prepare.